About Paulina Lake and the Lodge
Something about the lodge... when was it first established/built, how about the innkeepers too?
Where Did the Fish Come From?
Paulina Lake was devoid of fish till July of 1912, when local citizens group stocked both Paulina and East Lakes. The Oregon Game Commission shipped Rainbow trout fingerlings to Bend by train. From Bend, it took horse drawn wagons all night to reach Paulina Prairie as the road was merely two ruts with alternating chuck holes. From Paulina Prairie, pack horses took the fish the remaining 14 miles to the crater entrance. In order to keep the fish alive, party member had to climb down into Paulina Creek canyon periodically to carry up buckets of fresh water. Half of the Rainbow fingerlings were stocked into Paulina Lake. The other half were put in live boxes, towed across Paulina Lake, then carried by hand in 5 gallon kerosene cans the rest of the way to East Lake.
Newberry Crater is a caldera formed from several enormous violent eruptions of ash and pumice. The summit of Newberry Volcano collapse during a series of eruptions over a period of a half million years. By contrast the top of Mt. Mazama (Crater Lake) collapsed in one vast eruption. At the summit of Newberry Volcano is Newberry Crater which is about 4 miles in diameter and covers about 17 square miles. The age of volcanic deposits on Newberry Volcano ranges from 700,000 to 1,300 years ago. The youngest feature is the Big Obsidian Flow (1,300 years old, about 650 A.D.) which is the youngest volcanic feature in central Oregon. Within Newberry Crater are two lakes: Paulina (250 feet deep) and East (170 feet deep). Paulina Lake is one of the deeper lakes in Oregon.
Did you know that Paulina Lake "turns over" periodically? There is an upwelling which pushes water from the bottom of the lake to the surface, creating changes in oxygenation and fish feeding patterns. Only a few lakes in North America do this. In 1903 when Dr. I.C. Russel visited Newberry Crater there were no fish in either lake but there were crayfish in Paulina Lake. Paulina Creek Falls were an impassable barrier to fish (abundant below the falls) but crayfish were able to crawl up the nearly vertical rocks adjacent around the falls to reach the lake. The volume of rock in the flows of the Northwest Rift Zone is 850,000,000 cubic yards. Assuming a paved road 24 feet wide and 6 inches thick, there is enough rock in the flow to pave about 300,000 miles of road which is equivalent to a paved road circling the world fourteen and a half times.
Forest Service Land
Under Special Use Permit By Deschutes National Forest . The policy of the United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, religion, sex or disability, familial status, or political affiliation.
Persons believing they have been discriminated against in any Forest Service related activity should write to:
Chief, Forest Service, USDA, PO Box 96090 Washington DC 20090